Контрольная работа по Английскому языку

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В сравнение

Вариант 4

 

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием -s  и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:

а) показателем 3 - го лица единственного числа в Present Indefinite;

б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного (см. образец выполнения 1)

Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1.  He lives in Moscow.
  2. This man works at our office.
  3. My uncle writes poems.
  4. My father works at an Institute.
  5. His daughter’s toy is on the floor.

II. Переведите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения, и переведите их на русский язык.

1.           Mathematics was the most difficult subject for me at school.

2.     English is as difficult as German.

3.     My com­position is not as long as yours.

4.     The bookcase was in the farthest corner of the room.

5.           The Baltic Sea is not so warm as the Black Sea.

6.           These shoes are not worse than yours. I advise you to buy them.

III. Заполните пропуски глаголами to be, to have в Present, Past, Future Indefinite. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The weather … good today.
  2. She … clever girl.
  3. The weather yesterday … very warm.
  4. There … many examinations next term.
  5. She … green eyes.

IV. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в них видо - временные формы глаголов и укажите их инфинитив, переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.  Don't shut the window. It has just been opened.

2.     I often write to my sister.

3.           They are meeting foreign students now.

4.           She looked at the blackboard and copied the new words.

5.     She was making breakfast at 8 o'clock.

6.           How long have you known each other?

7.           I have never seen such a film before.

V. Употребите нужную форму местоимений: личные, притяжательные, вопросительные, ука­зательные, относительные.

  1. (They)  . . . knowledge of the subject is very poor.
  2. He teaches (we, us)… English.

3.    All (our, ours) … clothes were dirty, and (my, mine) … especially.

  1. (this, these, that, those) ...  is my English book.

VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных местоимений и их производных.

                1. There is somebody there.

                     2. There is nobody there.

                     3. Is there anybody in the library?

                     4. Is there anything behind the curtain? — No, there is nothing there.

 

VII. Перепишите следующие предложении, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол и его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.           They can understand French.

2.     He is able to do it.

3.     May I go to the post-office with Mike?

4.     You must learn the words.

5.     It was so stuffy there that we could hardly breathe.

VIII. Прочтите и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1-3  абзацы.

The Good Life Beckons

The good society accepts the basic market system and its managers, but there are some things the market system does not do either well or badly. In the good society these are the responsibility of the state.Some areas of state action are evident. In no country does the market system provide good low-cost housing. This is a matter of prime importance and must everywhere be a public responsibility. Few things are more visibly at odds with the good society than badly housed or homeless people.

Health care is also a public responsibility in all civilized lands. No one can be assigned to illness or death because of poverty. Here Britain can proudly point to its leadership.The state has many other essential functions. In must also be borne in mind that many of these – parks and recreational facilities, police, libraries, the arts, others – are more needed by the underclass than by the affluent. Those who attack the services of the state are usually those who can afford to provide similar services for themselves.

In the good society, there must also be attention to a range of activities that are beyond the time horizons of the market economy. This is true in the science, not excluding medical research. The market system invests for relatively short-run return. To support science is pre-eminently the responsibility of the state.

Some of the truly important industrial achievements of recent generations – the great improvements in agricultural productivity, modern air transport, advanced electronics – have depended heavily on such public investment. Necessary also – a matter we are beginning reluctantly to recognize – is investment and regulation in the longer-run interest of the environment. The good society protects and improves life in its planetary dimension.

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